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Possible complications in fertility treatment

We minimise risks through tailored treatment

Our specialists have the latest knowledge of tailored fertility treatment and can thus provide you with the best chances and minimise the risk of complications. Book an preliminary consultation to get answers to your questions.

Possible complications in fertility treatment

With IVF and ICSI, we can, in many cases, help childless couples and single women achieve pregnancy, but any form of treatment is associated with a small risk, which we do everything to avoid.

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OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome)

In IVF and ICSI treatment, you undergo hormone therapy that stimulates the formation of more follicles (egg sacs) than normally. There is consequently a risk of overstimulation (OHSS) if more than 20 follicles are formed in a treatment. The risk is lower in connection with fewer follicles. We try to avoid this complication by stimulating individually and carefully. Some women nevertheless react unexpectedly and strongly to hormone stimulation.

OHSS symptoms may be extended abdomen, abdominal pain, nausea/vomiting, increased tendency to breathlessness or urination difficulties. This occurs due to fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. In most cases, OHSS only manifests itself once you have become pregnant. If you suspect that you are becoming overstimulated, you must contact the fertility clinic or the emergency medical service.

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Pregnancy outside the uterus

The fertilised egg is transferred to the uterine cavity, but it may occur that the egg nevertheless moves out into the fallopian tube. However, in connection with examinations after the fertility treatment, a pregnancy outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy) will often be discovered and treated at an early stage.

If a pregnancy outside the uterus is suspected, and you experience pain and/or bleeding, you must contact the fertility clinic, your own doctor or the medical emergency service.

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Twin pregnancies

There is an increased incidence of twin pregnancies in connection with fertility treatment. Twin births often occur prematurely and are generally associated with more complications and risks. The recommendation is therefore that only one embryo is transferred to the uterus unless there is a medical reason for transferring two fertilised eggs.

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Spontaneous abortion

10-15% of all pregnancies end with a spontaneous abortion. This risk is of around 15-30% in connection with IVF and ICSI treatment, which is due to the higher average age of the women.

Bleeding after egg retrieval

There is almost always a little bleeding from the vagina after egg retrieval. The bleeding must be maximum equal to a severe menstrual bleeding. The blood comes from the pricks at the top of the vagina. It is of no importance to your possibility of getting pregnant.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Even if the egg retrieval is done in as sterile a manner as possible, pelvic inflammatory disease may occur around the ovaries. The inflammation results in pain and fever. This complication is very rare and is treated with antibiotics. You can contact the fertility clinic, your own doctor or the medical emergency service at any time if you have any doubts.

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